Hover Travelling and you can Bee Fly Species Diversity

november 21, 2022

Hover Travelling and you can Bee Fly Species Diversity

Bee Varieties Variety

From 2009 to 2018, 192 bee assortment (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) had been involved in Calanques Federal Playground thru both online and you'll bowl pitfall series. They belonged in order to half a dozen family members and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae are among the extremely classes-steeped nearest and dearest, accompanied by Apidae and you will Halictidae, with 53, 44, and you can 43 classes, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is basically brand new wealthiest genus, that have 33 range, while you are eight genera was depicted throughout the just one varieties (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk step 1 [on the web just] ). By using the jackknife step 1 and you will 2 spiders, this new bee types fullness is simply estimated are ranging from ± 9.89 and you will ± . The seen richness ergo illustrated 71.step three in order to 79.6% of one's projected bee richness ( Desk dos). The latest Chao1 approach projected the newest seen fullness to find 76.8% of your potential restrict fullness ( Dining table dos). Many plentiful types is actually Apis mellifera L. (276 some body), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you may 168 someone, respectively), and you may Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 someone). Fundamentally, fifty groups (26%) had been depicted from the one private (singletons).

Ecosystem Services of Bees

About your environmental services away from nesting means, we know 59 single bee species nesting over floors, 92 unmarried bee variety nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic assortment, like 31.eight, 47.9, and multiple.0% of the done bee variety fullness, respectively. We idea of four individual types (bumble bees and honey bees-dos.1%). Ultimately, the brand new nesting preferences from fourteen assortment are unknown (eight.3%- Supp Dining table step one [on line simply] ). About your floral diet plan from bee groups, we discovered that 105 brands (54.7%) foraged to the many bush varieties (i.age., generalist range, polylectic) and you can 51 varieties (26.5%) foraged using one plant family members otherwise you to/partners bush variety (we.many years., elite group types, oligolectic). With the leftover thirty-six bee variety (18.8%), brand new floral diet plan was not known (age.g., which have cleptoparasitic species). not, most generalist variety presented a desires for one or several of plant household ( Supp Desk step 1 [online simply] ). Towards the 49 singletons, fourteen bee categories (28%) is gurus, and you will nine bee variety (18%) was in fact cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step one [on the web simply] ).

An enthusiastic IUCN status are readily available having 178 range (leaving out the new groups buildings and you can unknown items). The absolute most, 47 brands try classified given that studies not having (DD-twenty-six.4%), 124 kinds was in fact a minimum concerned (LC-69.6%), six types is near threatened (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus my explanation quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another species is assumed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Dining table 1 [on line only] ). About three oligolectic classes have been one of several eight threatened bee models. Good. ovatula and you can C. albomaculatus is actually expert to the Fabaceae, D. argentata is actually an expert with the Caprifoliaceae.

Regarding 2009 to help you 2018, 38 type of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) were caught inside Calanques National Park. It belonged so you're able to twenty four genera ( Supp Desk 2 [online only] ). The quintessential abundant genera was indeed Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 some body), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen anyone), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de-- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville inside Latreille, 1828 (13 anyone), while 20 items (53%) have been portrayed on the only 1 personal ( Supp Desk dos [on line simply] ). The bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was illustrated of one's 20 types, and five singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk 3 [on the web simply] ). The brand new estimate away from full variety fullness away-of hover flies and you can bee flies are anywhere between 83 and you can 97 categories using the jackknife 1 and 2 indexes, respectively. Consequently, the new viewed richness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of the projected hover fly and bee fly fullness ( Dining table dos).

Vélemény, hozzászólás?

Az e-mail címet nem tesszük közzé. A kötelező mezőket * karakterrel jelöltük

Minden jog fenntartva © Expressz munkaerő 2021 
Adatkezelési tájékoztató